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WHAT IS CBD
Cannabidiol—shortened to the acronym CBD—is a naturally occurring chemical found in the Cannabis sativa plant,
, a type of herbaceous flowering plant. Cannabis is a plant genus that contains many different compounds that can affect the body differently.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Therein lies the most significant difference.
- CBD isolate: CBD isolate is the purest form of CBD, containing 99% or more pure CBD. It is free of cannabinoids or terpenes, found in the cannabis plant.
Ashton L. Center for Advancing Health (CFAH).
- Full-spectrum CBD: Full-spectrum CBD contains different cannabis ingredients like cannabinoids and terpenes. It might have trace amounts of THC (usually less than 0.3%).
- Broad-spectrum CBD: Broad-spectrum CBD is like full-spectrum CBD but without the THC. It still has other elements of the cannabis plant.
WHAT IS THC?
THC, also called tetrahydrocannabinol, is the compound in cannabis that is psychoactive and gives you the feeling of being high. However, THC’s chemical make-up, C₂₁H₃₀O₂, is very similar to its counterpart, CBD, which actually combats the effects of THC.
THC is the main psychoactive compound in cannabis that produces a “high” sensation. It can be consumed by smoking cannabis.
According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), THC affects things like thinking, memory, pleasure, movements, concentration, coordination, and sensory and time perception. For these reasons, doing things like operating heavy machinery or driving while under the influence of the drug may be dangerous.
what is cbg?
CBG is the “mother” cannabinoid of many other cannabinoids present in the cannabis plant.
Essentially, it’s classified as a minor cannabinoid, but CBG is an extremely important cannabis compound.
In the cannabis plant, CBG can be found in the form of cannabigerolic acid (CBGA), which is the building block of the three main branches of cannabinoids that include cannabidiolic acid (CBDA), tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA), and cannabichromenic acid (CBCA).
CBGA transforms into these three branches of cannabinoid through specific enzymes known as synthases as the cannabis plant matures.
Because most CBGA is synthesized into these other molecular structures, there are very low concentrations of this cannabinoid in mature cannabis plants.
Through a process known as decarboxylation (where heat is applied to the acidic forms of these cannabinoids), CBGA, CBDA, THCA, and CBCA all lose one carbon group.
They are then transformed into the more familiar forms of CBG, CBD, THC, and CBC.
This is considered the active state of these compounds and where most of their therapeutic benefits are contained.
what is thcA?
Tetrahydrocannabinolic Acid is a precursor to THC, but like all other cannabinoids, it is a derivative of another cannabinoid acid called cannabigerol acid (CBGA). All other cannabinoids trace their parentage to CBGA. THCA and THC may look structurally similar, but they have very significant differences at their molecular level. These minor differences produce diverse effects on the human body. The most notable difference is that THC causes you to get high while THCA does not.
As fresh cannabis buds (flowers) begin to dry, THCA slowly converts into THC. Hence, live cannabis flowers require decarboxylation to activate or produce THC. This is why if you consume cannabis raw, there are no psychoactive effects. Although THCa is easily affected by heat or the sunlight. Decarboxylation is a process that removes the carboxylic acid group of atoms from the THC to deliver the psychoactive THC.
The processed THC interacts with cannabinoid receptors, where as THCA doesn’t seem to. Although it does not have psychoactive effects, it is still a vital cannabis compound. We cannot have THC without THCA in the first place. The main takeaway here is that in living, or a freshly harvested plant, there is little to no THC, only THCA.
All the documents and researches that we collected that you can read. This is not claiming to cure, treat, mitigate, or prevent diseases. You may need to consult with your physician.